The Unexplored Earth

by Aaron Dy
MIT graduate student in Biological Engineering
Posted on September 10th, 2014
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Humans have yet to explore a vast portion of our planet. Below our ocean’s surface exists a largely unknown wilderness populated by animals that have never been seen by humans and are hidden far from the reach of sunlight.

The surface of the moon has been walked on by more people than have been to the deepest point of the ocean, a small valley called Challenger Deep within the Mariana Trench. This point is nearly 7 miles below the ocean’s surface, which adds up to 28 Empire State Buildings stacked on top of each other. This incredible depth makes it impossible for ordinary submarines to make the journey. In fact, only three people have dived to the Challenger Deep. Lt. Don Walsh and Jacques Piccard did it in 1960, and then no manned craft made it again until Hollywood director James Cameron did it in 2012 as part of his new movie “Deepsea Challenge 3D”.

More than 95% of the ocean in general has yet to be explored and more than 70% of Earth is covered by ocean. If you catch yourself thinking that explorers are only for the history books, think again. There’s a whole new world to be discovered deep beneath the water.

About the author
Aaron Dy
MIT graduate student in Biological Engineering